Pastoral Care, Discipline

Behaviour Management  Structures (Discipline Policy)

Rationale
Marist recognises the need to develop a climate within the College community which promotes a high degree of Self-Behaviour Management and Self-Respect within students thus allowing them to have a self –fulfilling life at the College.

The College also seeks to develop in students an understanding of the need for rules of behaviour, the need to respect these rules and the need to have appropriate punishment applied when rules are broken. The Behaviour Management Policy is designed to assist students towards greater Self-Behaviour Management and behaviour that is more appropriate in the future.

Respect can be demonstrated in three ways:

Respect Yourself        Have high standards in your classwork and your homework. Take pride in your uniform and your appearance. Do not do things that lower your dignity.

Respect Others          Do not touch another student’s property or person. Keep the “Hands off” rule. Be courteous and prepared to help.

Respect Property        Look after the College property which is available for the use and enjoyment of all. Care for the College environment – clean up after yourself. Do not interfere with the property of others.

A key feature of our Behaviour Management Policy is to provide students with the opportunity to manage and change their behaviour. This involves negotiating outcomes that are beneficial to both students and the College.

 

Key Features of the Behaviour Management System
A key feature of the Behaviour Management System is to enable the maintenance of high standards in regard to learning, behaviour, interpersonal relationships, uniform and College facilities. Although all teachers come to the classroom with varying experiences and philosophies about Behaviour Management, here at Marist we believe:

* that critical to the maintenance of high standards are well planned, interesting, challenging student-centred lessons
* in encouraging students to “do the right thing” because they want to not just because they have to
* in recognising, affirming and encouraging positive behaviour
* that there need to be consequences for inappropriate behaviour which provide the student with an incentive to change
* that all teachers share the responsibility for maintaining standards
* that staff and students should be treated fairly, justly and with respect
* in modelling  the behaviour we want students to adopt
* that all students must be offered procedural fairness in all aspects of Behaviour Management strategies.

Establishing relationships, expectations and accountability
A key feature of any Behaviour Management system is the relationships developed with the students. Teachers should actively attempt to get to know the boys and take an interest in their lives. Teachers should also be very clear about expectations and apply them consistently with respect. Students need to be made accountable for their actions and this should be done again with respect. Remember to focus on the behaviour, not the student, and look at rewarding good behaviour rather than just identifying bad behaviour. Building a positive classroom environment is a critical step in the Behaviour Management process. In the words of Saint Marcellin Champagnat  “ Love them all, love them equally”.

College Diary
The College Diary is the first point of contact with parents. Diaries are signed each week by parents and the Homeroom teacher and as such comments both positive and negative need to be recorded. Therefore it is critical that the Diary be brought to class each day and be displayed during homeroom. If a pattern of poor behaviour develops the class teacher or Homeroom teacher is to contact the parents and explore strategies to rectify the problem. If the problem persists the matter is referred to the KLA Co-ordinator and/or Year Co-ordinator for intervention.

Class Based Behaviour Management
Parents are notified of these detentions via the College Diary and students must have their parents’ signature next to the notification. Class based detentions must be conducted by the class teacher as well as being approved and monitored by the KLA Co-ordinator. KLA Co-ordinators are responsible for referring the names of students on detention to the Year Co-ordinators on a weekly basis. These detentions should be between 20 – 60 min in duration (depending on the severity and regularity of the offence). Year Co-ordinators will then monitor cross KLA issues. Failure to turn up to one of these detentions will result in a formal Conduct detention. Students who fail to respond to these interventions are to be reported to the Year Co-ordinator.

Student Management Reports (SMR) and Detentions
Prior to a SMR, it would be expected that the student would have been offered some positive incentives for change, along with notes to parents in the diary, teacher based sanctions and minor detentions.

The school detention operates on Friday afternoons from 3.20pm to 4.20 pm and is supervised by teachers. Students are issued with these detentions for more serious infringements for example, consistently failing to follow college expectations.

When a student is issued with a Student Management Report, he is to present this to his parents/guardian for a signature and return it to the teacher supervising detention.  Failure to attend a Friday Detention, without authorisation, is a serious infringement.

Suspension
Students may be suspended from class internally or externally. A student may only be suspended from school by the Principal or Assistant Principal. Suspension is a most serious level of Behaviour Management. The length of suspension will vary in accordance to the seriousness of the offence. It is the student’s responsibility to make satisfactory arrangements to submit an assessment task to the KLA Co-ordinator if assessment tasks are missed during a period of suspension.

Whilst on suspension students are required to complete one full booklet of study/ revision notes for each day suspended. These booklets must be completed when the student presents for an interview, normally with the Assistant Principal.

Expulsion
In the event of a serious breach of College rules and regulations the Principal reserves the right to terminate the enrolment of the student in line with the guidelines of the Catholic Education Office Sydney

Important College Rules
The following rules are firmly upheld by Marist College and have been instituted for the wellbeing of all students. They enable effective education to occur and their violation will normally incur a period of suspension from the school.

Fighting
Smoking
Truancy
Bullying
Being involved with the possession or knowledge of offensive material
Damaging College property
Inappropriate use of the College Computer System

If students are involved with the following issues they may forfeit their right to a position at the College.

Use, possession of or selling illegal drugs
Use or possession of illegal weapons
Stealing
Serious violent incident

Procedural Fairness
All students engaged in Behaviour Management strategies will be offered procedural fairness. That is, in the process of all investigations, students are to be dealt with fairly and justly. Students have the right to respond and the right to an unbiased hearing. In most cases the person conducting the investigation would not be part of the decision- making process in order to fulfil these basic principles.

 
Behaviour Management Actions (Discipline Policy)

Rights And Responsibilities
All rights have a corresponding responsibility. All students and teachers have the responsibility to respect the rights of other students and teachers.  When all rights are respected and responsibilities carried out, our College will run smoothly and will create an atmosphere of self-discipline and self-respect where students are encouraged to develop fully.

 Right                                                           Responsibility

I have the right to be happy at College and to be treated with understanding It is my responsibility to respect the rights of others. It is my responsibility to treat others with understanding, not to laugh at others, tease others or try to hurt their feelings.
I have the right to be treated respectfully and fairly It is my responsibility to treat others politely and with respect. It is my responsibility to respect the authority of the College staff. It is my responsibility to be truthful and treat others fairly.
I have a right to be safe It is my responsibility not to do anything which may threaten or cause danger to myself or others. It is my responsibility to tell teachers if there is any danger around my classroom or in the playing areas.
I have a right to expect my property to be safe It is my responsibility not to steal, damage or destroy the property of others. It is my responsibility to ask permission before using the goods of someone else. It is my responsibility to take proper care of College property.
I have a right to get a good education at my College It is my responsibility to be well behaved in class and not disturb others. It is my responsibility to keep up to date with work in class and also with homework. It is my responsibility to attend school regularly and to be punctual.
I have a right to be protected against threats to my health It is my responsibility as a member of the College not to smoke, take alcoholic drinks or drugs or influence other students to do so - at College, at any College function or travelling to or from College or any function organised by the College.
I have a right to have pleasant, clean and well-maintained College grounds It is my responsibility to care for the College environment - to keep it neat and clean, and to be prepared to remove litter
I have a right to benefit from the good name of the College It is my responsibility to behave so that thye community will respect my College.  It is my responsibility top wear the College uniform neatly and correctly.

 I have a right to make decisions for myself
It is my responsibility to make sensible decisions and to face the consequences of my decisions.

Banned Items
The following items are not permitted to be brought onto the College grounds or to College functions or events:

* Walkmans, CD players, cassette players, radios
* Scooters, skates, rollerblades, skateboards
* Metal rulers, Liquid paper, textas, laser, poster or marker pens
* Chewing gum
* Items to sell to other students
* Cigarettes, fireworks, prohibited weapons
* Alcohol or other drugs
* Any item deemed unacceptable by the Principal
* Any boy needing to bring a mobile phone must have written permission of the College Principal or Assistant Principal and the phone must be left at Student Reception immediately upon his arrival at the College.
* Students who bring illegal substances or implements to the College / College events, immediately place themselves outside the school community.
* The College reserves the right to search the bag, locker or personal effects of any student, Grounds for searching may, but are not restricted to, include suspicion of possession of illegal substances/implements or banned items.

Strategies/Response Options
The following are some suggestions that may be of use in the management of students.

Class/Subject Teacher 

Non Verbal

Hand Gestures
Facial expressions
Physical positioning/proximity
Minor physical intervention

One Way Verbal Signal Vocal variations
Interrupted speech
Special mention
Task instruction
Reminder of code behaviour
Threat of removal of privilege
Inform child of effects of behaviour
Verbal Interchange in Class  What are you doing?
Why are you doing it?
Explain disruption to learning
Class to discuss issue
Verbal Interchange Outside Class Briefly during the lesson
Select a suitable alternative time
More casual than formal
Relatively private
Problem solving - you are not an enemy. Is everything all right
Be positive - smile, acknowledge good things before focusing on issue
Use of College Diary Method of initial communication between the College and Student's guardian/parents
Remove Student Privileges Isolate in class Move from position of choice
Detain after class
Give extra duties/homework/lines
Miss special events
Lunch/after school personal detention
Formal school detention/demerit
High Level Disciplinary Interview Possibly with another staff member present
Be prepared with clear examples of unwanted behaviour
Clearly define the issue
Explain the effects on you and class
Let them explain their side of their actions
Investigate solutions and be clear that behaviour cannot be allowed to continue
Document agreed consequences if behaviour continues
Change in Teacher Approach Change/review lesson content
Change/review teaching methods
Review interpersonal style with students
   

 Further Classroom Strategies

* Clearly outline task of lesson
* Clearly outline timeline of expectations of work being handed in
* Talk to student individually after lesson
* Give a warning
* Demerit Form
* Teacher/Student sign
* On file
* Note to parents
* Verbally contact parents (inform Year/KLA Coordinators of outcome)
* If you say you're going to do something, do it
* Clearly outline procedure for failure to do homework
* Teacher runs own detentions - refer to guidelines in Staff Handbook
* Green "Manners Form" for Years 7-12
* Set written punishment
* Contact reinforcement eg if student is talking at incorrect time, teacher moves closer to student
* Challenge inappropriate behaviour immediately, but at an appropriate level of response
* Teacher keeps personal, written record - students know this
* Use positive reinforcement
* Clean-up detention
* Use positive peer pressure
* Eye contact
* Voice modulation
* Move the student (in the classroom)
* Set interesting lessons
* Teacher decides seating order
* Recognise different learning styles
* Teachers set expectations clearly
* Be consistent
* Be fair/just
* Arrive at class on time
* Clear instructions
* Show students respect and expect the same 

Pastoral/KLA Coordinator
The KLA/Pastoral Coordinator would deal with students when referred by a class teacher. Written support may be required of the classroom teacher eg Conduct Form, letters.

Assistant Principal
The Assistant would deal with students referred by Pastoral/KLA Coordinators or with serious matters arising from breaches of school rules.

Principal
The Principal would deal with students referred by the Assistant Principal or other serious breaches of school rules.

The Level System (Years 7-10)

This section from the College Diary captures the rights and responsibilities of students at Marist College Eastwood. It is worth noting the following and reviewing regularly in Homeroom.

1.   There are 5 levels,  A, B, C, D, .  Many students will stay on Level A during their time at Marist College Eastwood.
2.   Students who are placed on levels below Level A will be placed there because of a concern with their lack of responsibility to themselves and others. Students will normally go down a level on the third conduct report.
3.   Year Coordinators and their Homeroom Teachers will inform students and their parents when the students have been placed on higher or lower levels. They will explain the results of being placed on the higher or lower level as set out below.
4.   The level system is used in conjunction with teachers own strategies for student management.
5.   You always have the option of returning to a higher level by completing a two week period of good behaviour.

Level A

Reasons for being placed on this level What happens to students placed on this level

Everyone is placed on this level when they enrol at Marist College Eastwood

Students are helpful and try to work in well with teachers and other students

Your report comment will be EXCELLENT -  if you have never received a Conduct Report during the semester

Or GOOD -  if you have received any Conduct Reports during the semester

Level B

Reasons for being placed on this level What happens to students placed on this level
Some or all of your subject teachers are worried about your lack of cooperation

Perhaps you are doing one or more of these things
- Trying to disrupt or upset the class
- Being rude to your teachers
- Behaving badly in the playground

Your parents will be informed via a student management report. Your Homeroom Teacher and Year Coordinator may discuss the situation with you.  Normally, you will remain on this level for at least two weeks.

Your Report comment will be SATISFACTORY - if this is the lowest level you received during the Semester.

Level C

Reasons for being placed on this level What happens to students placed on this level
You are placed on this level because your conduct is still unacceptable or has deteriorated. Your parents will be asked to come to the College to talk to the Year Coordinator.

You will be placed on Daily Report and will stay on this level for at least two weeks.

Normally, you will be placed on either Detention or Internal Suspension for any unsatisfactory Daily Reports you receive.
Your Report comment will be UNSATISFACTORY.

Level D 

 

Reasons for being placed on this level What happens to students placed on this level

No improvement has been made to the situation; in fact, your actions and/or attitude indicate that you have not improved.

You Need help from your parents and the College staff
to help to ensure that you are not placed on Level E. 

Your parents will be asked to come to the College to talk with the Assistant Principal and your Year Coordinator.

Your student Record Card will indicate that all these steps have been taken. Also, you will be internally Suspended (stopped from going to all classes) until the College and Assistant Principal is convinced that you are capable and willing to keep normal rules - usually for a period of two days. When you return to classes, you will be placed on Daily Report and will stay on this level for at least two weeks.

Normally, you will be placed on Detention, or Internal Suspension, or External Suspension for any unsatisfactory Daily Reports you receive.
Your Report Comment will be VERY UNSATISFACTORY

 Level E

Reasons for being placed on this level What happens to students placed on this level

You have definitely shown that you do not accept
your responsibilities towards yourself and others.

Your parents will be asked to come to the College to talk with the Principal, Assistant Principal and the Year Coordinator.  If it is not already occurring, counselling may be either recommended.  Your continued enrolment at Marist College Eastwood will be discussed at this meeting. 
You may not be permitted to take part in College functions such as: socials/excursions/sporting teams competing against other schools.  Your Student Record File will indicate that all these steps have been taken.  Also, you will be suspended from the College for a certain time (usually for two or three days), and you will not be allowed to return to the College until all set work has been completed, and the interview between your parents and the Principal and Year Coordinator has occurred.

When you return to classes you will be placed on Daily Report and will stay on this level for at least two weeks.  Normally, you will be placed on Detention, or Internal Suspension, or External Suspension for any unsatisfactory Daily Reports you receive. You will remain on this level until the College decides either that you have improved sufficiently to move to Level D. 


Senior College Discipline (Years 11 & 12)
A teacher may use his or her professional judgement as to how to deal with any senior when a problem arises. The following are only recommended as possible strategies to be used in differing situations for the associated reasons: These are examples only and are not meant to define established practice.


Strategy Problem Area Reasons it might be seen as appropriate
Loss of Privileges (To be referred to the Year Coordinator for decision) Parents to be informed in writing  Breaking the conditions upon which the privilege is given. Privileges are held only if they do not require teacher supervision, and only if students fulfil the responsibilities attached to them.
A half hour or a one hour Silent Study Time - supervised by the assigning teacher before or after College by negotiation. (24 hours notice in writing to parents)    For minor academic problems - eg homework not done on an occasion; a poor effort in class. Academic time was wasted, so it needs to be made up.  Work missed needs to be done.
After College Clean-up Duty (35 minutes) (24 hours notice in writing to parents) For minor behaviour problem of a non-academic nature A negative attitude needs to be replaced or repaid by a positive deed - in Senior area.
Formal College Detention with set copy work may be issued by the Year Coordinator, after consultation. (24 hours notice in writing to parents)  For major behaviour problem, generally only given if other steps have already been taken to address a problem. The senior has acted in such a way that it does not befit his senior status and so he is treated as any other student who incurs the College’s main disciplinary procedure.
After College or morning detention run by the assigning teacher in whatever fashion he or she determines.  (24 hours notice in writing) Work not done or particular misbehaviour  The particular teacher wishes to cover extra or missed work, or penalise the student in the fashion they feel most productive for that specific incident.
A phone call, or a note (eg Senior Report Form or Unsatisfactory Uniform form etc) sent home to parents to inform them of their son’s conduct, academic or misbehavioural. For minor problems which none the less need to be fixed up. Parents need to be informed and may be just the ones to be of most help in attending to a passing or irregular problem.

N.B.    All communications with parents must be countersigned by the Assisstant Principal

Others if needed include:
Interview student with teacher and relevant Year or KLA Coordinator.
Interview student with parents, teacher(s) and relevant Year or KLA Coordinator.
Internal Suspension.
External Suspension.

Senior Student Report
These forms can be sent out by any class teacher at any time.  Copies must come to the Year Coordinator and the KLA Coordinator, as well as one to the Assistant Principal (for filing in the student's file).

Corporal punishment is expressively prohibited at Marist College  Eastwood. The College also does not sanction administration of corporal punishment by non-school persons, including parents, to enforce discipline in the school.

More Serious Levels of Discipline

Procedure for In-College Supervision
A student is placed on suspension (internally or externally) by the Assistant Principal and/or Principal. In conjunction with the Year Coordinator. This may occur outside the guidelines  of the level system depending on the incident.
 

Student Attendance, Lateness And Illness
The requirement for attendance (ie "85% of the time available in any course") is the indicator of satisfactory attendance; consequently it is essential that we keep accurate rolls, and summaries of attendance for all students, and that parents and students be given adequate notice of any concern over student attendance.

Procedure for Dealing with Illness
Students must first inform a teacher of a need to leave class. They may not leave class between periods without reference to a teacher. If a student is ill he will notify the Year coordinator who will take appropriate action. Parents will be notified by the College Secretary and appropriate arrangements will be undertaken. Students are to sign out on the "Late Sheet" at the Student Reception Office.

 Procedure for Dealing with an Accident/Injury
If a student is injured while at College or College function, then the Principal or Assistant Principal is notified and an "Accident Form" is to be filled out by the teacher supervising (and any two witnesses). Parents are to be informed of the nature of the injury and the possible action to be taken after consultation with the parents.

It would be easy to skim through the diary and focus on the business end of the book - homework, assignments, etc. These are essential. But we also encourage all students and parents to read again the fine details that capture Mission, Priorities and History of the College, and to encourage their sons to use the diary as a help in prayer.

Student Diary 
The Diary is compulsory for all students at MCE, including seniors. Diaries in the junior school will be checked weekly by homeroom teachers and assistants. It is a College expectation a that students would have their diaries with them each day and use the diary to record homework, assignment and due dates for exam and so forth. In the Senior school, students will be expected to be proactive in maintaining their diary, however homeroom teachers will use their discretion in monitoring the use of the diary and progress made by students throughout the term.

Students at Risk Policy
Whilst this policy is aimed at providing support generally for “Students at Risk”, implicit in it, is the inclusion of approaches to deal with issues relating to Youth Suicide Prevention.  Marist College Eastwood aims to promote a healthy, supportive and secure environment for students with targeted support for students at risk.
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Student welfare is a shared responsibility between the College, home and the community. Marist College Eastwood should be a positive environment in which all teachers assume responsibility for student welfare and each student is provided with successful experiences.  All students shall have access to welfare and support services. Clear, well known communication processes and protocols are critical to the effectiveness of student welfare support.

Students at risk procedures
The Assistant Principal will be responsible for the coordination and implementation of this policy.
The College shall implement welfare support structures and programs that prioritise and address the identified needs of students.  The stages at which support may be provided are: -

* Primary Prevention programs that develop resilience, through enhanced life skills and protective factors.
* Early Intervention strategies and processes that assess and manage individuals and groups identified as ‘at risk’.
Intervention: provision of crisis support for individuals exhibiting ‘at risk’ behaviours.
* Post vention implement a critical incident response plan including counselling.

Protocols should designate stages where it is necessary to respect the confidential nature of dealing with student welfare issues.  It is noted, however, that students who disclose to staff a desire to harm themselves or others, must be reported by staff to the Assistant Principal or Principal .  Welfare programs and student services provision will be supported by funding and, where possible, time release for teachers to enable: -

* Employment of services to conduct support programs which focus on addressing student welfare issues
* Individual and group student counselling
* Skill development for students, teachers and parents.
* Professional Development of key staff who will convey knowledge/ideas to staff.

Where a decision needs to be made regarding the appropriate nature of curriculum content for the teaching and learning of issues which may relate to “student at risk behaviours” it shall be referred to the Assistant Principal.  The Assistant Principal will forward their recommendation to the Principal for a final decision.

Students may be recommended to see the College Counsellor by any staff member who would inform the Year Coordinator, Assistant Principal or Principal.  Students are also able to approach the Counsellor directly. The Counsellor will inform the Principal of any issues relevant to DOCs and then will deal directly with the Department.

(Note:  There is considerable evidence to recommend that Youth Suicide is not taught in schools as a means of addressing ‘at risk’ behaviour, and various Education Departments have varying policies as to whether or not schools teach ‘suicide’ as a curriculum topic).

For school based case management of known students, a structure shall provide for continuity of care through a process of coordination with other agencies and transition.